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Assistant Professor Dr. Adnan Zoranić Promotes His New Book „Arhitektura prethodne civilizacije – Kultura građenja i duh modernizma u Jugoslaviji u periodu 1945 – 1990“

Assistant Professor Dr. Adnan Zoranić had a promotion of his new book „Arhitektura prethodne civilizacije – Kultura građenja i duh modernizma u Jugoslaviji u periodu 1945 – 1990“ at the International University of Sarajevo (IUS) on Thursday, May 26, 2022. Associate Professor Dr. Edin Jahić, Dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences (FENS) at IUS and Dr. Andrej Šmid, Visiting Professor at the University of Maribor were the reviewers and presented the book. The moderator was Selma Nekić, Senior Assistant at FENS.

The book aims at presenting architectural values and achievements during the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. It also strives to answer research questions related to the causes and effects of the emergence of an autochthonous modernist architecture and social circumstances in Socialist Yugoslavia.

In his book review, Associate Professor Dr. Edin Jahić pointed out that this was a comprehensive and serious task successfully completed by Professor Zoranić, who, from the perspective of a neutral observer, presented one of the most significant architectural achievements of that period.  He also added that the book extensively deals with the politics of the time, the way it influenced the housebuilding as well as strictly obeyed building standards it had set. In the end, he emphasized that this is instructive literature for new generations of architects who need to be well educated with clear ethical principles.

Doctor Šmid addressed the audience and emphasized that Professor Zoranić focused on very important examples of the architectural cultural heritage of the era. He added that ex-Yugoslavia established a new class of citizens because a large number of people from rural areas moved to the cities. This not only led to the emergence of a new type of construction but also to the emergence of a new urban culture. He also emphasized that architects when designing buildings have responsibility not only to the end user but to the society as well.

Assistant Professor Dr. Adnan Zoranić presented the book from his point of view and expressed his gratitude to the reviewers and the audience. Professor Zoranić mentioned that Yugoslavia had started as a rural state in 1945, but quickly became an industrialized force leading to the hyperproduction of apartment buildings in the 1960s. It is important to mention that apartment buildings were constructed pursuant to the principles which took peoples’ needs into consideration and emphasized humanism – principles that are being neglected today. This modernization also meant that culture and art oriented towards the West. In the end he added an interesting fact stating that Yugoslavia, which had a rather rigid system, supported the avant-garde art that flourished in that period.

At the end of the promotion, the attendees had an opportunity to ask questions and learn more about the architecture of that time.